As we are at the end of 2017, business and IT executives are turning more of their attention to how they can use cloud computing to accomplish their business objectives in 2018. We’ve compiled a list of five trends in cloud computing that strategic businesses will prepare for in the coming year.
In 2017 we witnessed more cyber-attacks than any other year in history. Attacks such as the CIA Vault 7 hack, WannaCry ransomware, and the Equifax data breach are examples of threats the IT industry will increasingly face in future. And the threat is ever-changing with new technology. For example, we should expect to see an uptick in individuals and state-sponsored cyber-attacks on cloud infrastructures.
As cyber attackers become more sophisticated, security analysts in public, private and government sectors will need to become more sophisticated in deploying comprehensive strategies to prevent future attacks. Organizations have to invest in Security Information and Event Management (SIEM) platforms, as well as advanced malware detection protocols to enhance their cyber security. Cloud services can play a role here as well. For example, managed security service providers offer robust, outsourced security services to businesses that lack internal expertise – making every business more secure.
Multi-cloud deployment allows organizations to deploy complex workloads across different clouds, while still managing each cloud environment individually. The added efficiency of this type of system will make this the dominant force in cloud computing in the upcoming year. In fact, the International Data Corporation predicted that more than 85% of enterprise IT corporations will invest in and adopt multi-cloud architecture by 2018.
Enterprises don’t want to be locked in by sticking to a single cloud provider. Enterprises can significantly reduce their infrastructure costs by adopting multi-cloud solutions which Fortune 500s are already using to save millions of dollars each year. In a multi-cloud environment, organizations can leverage the strengths of each cloud service provider.
Despite the increasing number of organizations who are adopting a multi-cloud strategy, many don’t understand how to truly architect (or refactor) their data infrastructure for resiliency. Many Cloud architects struggle when it comes to designing a multi-cloud architecture because it requires expertise with more cloud providers, and a competent migration process.
Container Orchestration with Kubernetes
It would be inappropriate to talk about the cloud in 2018 without talking about Kubernetes. Like Docker for containers, Kubernetes has become the de facto cloud orchestrator. Use of Kubernetes enables developers to manage and easily migrate software code.
The recent adoption of Kubernetes across the industry – including Docker, Microsoft Azure, and Mesosphere DC/OS — shows that the open-source container orchestration system has proven its effectiveness in providing simpler cloud deployment, better scaling and more efficient management.
Another trend that’s resulting from the growing use of hybrid cloud solutions is that more organizations are turning to Cloud Monitoring as a Service (CMaaS). This technology monitors performance across multiple suppliers, which will now be interdependent upon an organization’s IT service delivery. It is essential that these services are independent of the providers themselves. It can also be used to monitor in-house environments and hosted and private cloud services by deploying or installing gateways into the monitored environment.
Cloud Cost Containment
Recently, AWS announced per second billing for EC2 instances. Not to be outdone, it is expected that competitors will soon announce pricing plans for their specific services.
Generally, calculating cloud costs is a simple process. But it’s not always the case with multi-cloud deployments. Calculating total cloud cost in a multi-cloud environment is difficult because cloud providers have different pricing plans. And AWS, Microsoft, and Google are making it more difficult by offering different plans and using different methods to measure / bill for usage.
Some enterprises hire an executive just to help choose and negotiate cloud contracts. They monitor consumption of cloud services and optimize it; saving thousands of dollars per year. To help with this, smaller companies turn to cloud cost management tools (i.e. Cloudability, Cloud Cruiser and Cloudyn) which monitor cloud consumption and provide cost analysis.
The main advantages of the cloud are ease of use for spinning up extra resources and its pay per use consumption model. In this model, an instance or VM is the unit of additional computing resources. Now a “function” has become an even smaller unit of “use.” As serverless computing functions differently than traditional computing server networks, it requires a more specialized skillset to start with. This small guide on serverless architecture has covered all the aspects for the intrepid IT team ready to tackle the future of computing.
Putting the onus of managing and scaling up resources on the cloud provider is cost-efficient and takes the heavy lifting off of in-house IT. With a limitless supply of virtual machines, no upfront cost and minimal effort, developers are able to fire up servers with their choice of operating system.
Serverless computing is currently available in the public cloud. Next year we will see serverless computing start to appear in private cloud deployments as well. For the effective use of Serverless computing, server and hardware vendors need to transform their business models to maintain relevance in the new virtual, elastic and automated cloud-powered world.
Cloud as a Facilitator for IoT
The world has undergone a rapid transformation in the last few years. Especially in regards to communication and business transactions. Today, people use mobile devices to access the internet, inquire about businesses, purchase items, and much more. That’s where IoT came into play, rising above the use of mobile devices to accomplish more tasks.
Gartner Research predicts the number of IoT devices in the world will rise to at least 20 billion by 2020. You know what that means? With an increased number of IoT-powered devices, you should expect the cloud to have a much more significant role. Soon, you will need a cloud-based personal storage drive to save various files created across all your personal mobile devices. That includes documents, images, and videos. These and several other needs will result in the cloud driving IoT in innovative ways, and you should expect to see lots of it in action in 2018.
In 2018, use of cloud services will become more strategic with the help of new technologies and use-cases. It is expected that adoption of the above services and technologies will increase because they provide higher performance and automation.
What trends do you see in cloud computing for 2018? Let us know in the comments section below!
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